The adaptor protein APS modulates BCR signalling in mature B cells
Cellular Signaling (2020)
E. Dondi, J.B. Sibarita, N. Varin-Blank, L. Velazquez
Activation process of mature B cell is predominantly driven by specific BCR-mediated pathways, switched on and off all through late B cell differentiation stages. Mice deficient for APS, a member of the Lnk/SH2B family of adaptor proteins, showed that this adaptor plays a BCR-mediated regulatory role in mature B cells. However, the intermediates involved in this adaptor modulating functions in B cells are still unknown. In the present study, we investigated the role of APS in regulating BCR signalling notably through cytoskeleton remodeling in mature B cells. Herein, we showed that APS function is stage specific, as it exclusively intervenes in mature B cells. Upon activation, APS colocalizes with the BCR and associates with important regulators of BCR signalling, such as Syk and Cbl kinase. Importantly, APS interferes, as a scaffold protein, with the stability of Syk kinase by recruiting Cbl. This function is mainly mediated by APS SH2 domain, which regulates BCR-evoked cell dynamics. Our findings thus reveal that APS plays a regulatory role in BCR-induced responses by specifically modulating its interacting partners, which positions APS as a relevant modulator of BCR signalling in mature B cells.